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Kids’ Snoring Linked to Hyperactivity

Kids’ Abnormal Breathing During Sleep Linked to Increased Risk for Behavioral Difficulties

Risk of Problems Later in Childhood Can Double with Snoring and Apnea

March 5, 2012 — (BRONX, NY) — A study of more than 11,000 children followed for over six years has found that young children with sleep-disordered breathing are prone to developing behavioral difficulties such as hyperactivity and aggressiveness, as well as emotional symptoms and difficulty with peer relationships, according to researchers at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University. Their study, the largest and most comprehensive of its kind, published online today in the journal Pediatrics.

“This is the strongest evidence to date that snoring, mouth breathing, and apnea [abnormally long pauses in breathing during sleep] can have serious behavioral and social-emotional consequences for children,” said study leader Karen Bonuck, Ph.D., professor of family and social medicine and of obstetrics & gynecology and women’s health at Einstein. “Parents and pediatricians alike should be paying closer attention to sleep-disordered breathing in young children, perhaps as early as the first year of life.”

Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is a general term for breathing difficulties that occur during sleep. Its hallmarks are snoring (which is usually accompanied by mouth breathing) and sleep apnea. SDB reportedly peaks from two to six years of age, but also occurs in younger children. About 1 in 10 children snore regularly and 2 to 4 percent have sleep apnea, according to the American Academy of Otolaryngology–Health and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS). Common causes of SDB are enlarged tonsils or adenoids.

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Saliva: What’s the Purpose?

As a NYC Cosmetic Dentist, I get asked about saliva quite a bit (often when I have instruments in someone’s mouth and they start to drool.)

So let’s answer the common questions: What is saliva? Where does it come from? What’s in it? What is it used for? What are we still learning about it?

What is saliva, and where does it come from?

Call it what you want — spit, spittle, drool, etc — saliva is one of the most common (and obvious) bodily fluids. It’s the watery substance that’s prevalent in everyone’s mouth, and is produced by three pairs of major salivary glands (and many, many minor glands).

These three major glands are located on the inside of each cheek, on the bottom of the mouth, and under the jaw, towards the front of the mouth. The rest of the minor glands are all over the rest of the mouth (the palate, the tongue, your lips, etc.)

These glands work together to produce saliva all day, every day (although production of saliva dramatically falls during sleep. Hey, that’s why your mouth is so dry when waking up!) In general terms, most healthy humans will produce somewhere between one and two quarts of saliva a day.

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8 Mistakes You’re Probably Making When You Brush Your Teeth

It’s not exactly a newsflash that one of the most important reasons to brush your teeth is to fight off cavities (not to mention prevent bad breath). But what if the way you brush your teeth actually makes you more susceptible to cavities, tooth decay and gum disease? Scary.

Turns out, there are a host of common mistakes that many of us make morning and night that can damage teeth and turn a healthy smile upside-down. Find out what you’re doing wrong — and how to break these bad habits for better teeth.

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How Lack of Sleep Effects Weight Gain

We know from studies that lack of sleep is causally connected to many physical problems. One of the common symptoms of obstructive sleep apnea is being overweight. So then, how do sleep disorders contribute to weight gain?

Ghrelin: the Hunger Hormone

Lack of sleep increases ghrelin, and decreases leptin, both effects producing increased hunger and obesity. Leptin is the “anti-hunger” hormone. When the circadian rhythm is interrupted by exposure to light at night, gherlin is released. Ghrelin is known as the “hunger hormone” It is produced in the gastrointestinal tract and functions as a neurotransmitter. The receptor for ghrelin is found on the same cells in the brain as the receptor for leptin, the satiety hormone that has opposite effects from ghrelin.

An inverse relationship between the hours of sleep and blood concentrations of ghrelin exists; as the hours of sleep increase, ghrelin levels trend lower and obesity is less likely. Short sleep duration is associated with high levels of ghrelin and obesity.
When the stomach is empty, ghrelin is secreted. When we eat something the stomach is stretched and ghrelin secretion stops. Ghrelin acts to increase hunger and to increase gastric acid secretion and gastrointestinal motility to prepare the body for food intake.

What else does Ghrelin effect?
Beyond regulating hunger, ghrelin also plays a significant role in other systemic functions. Ghrelin influences body composition, it stimulates the release of growth hormone and regulaties the distribution and rate of use of energy.

Conclusion
This is just another convincing reason to get adequate healthy sleep. Light is the circadian rhythm disrupter. Avoid light disturbances during sleep: have no lights in the bed room, pull the shades down to block any outside light, wear an eye mask.

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Resources
WebMD
Wikipedia
Zarouna S, Wozniak G, Papachristou
Stalo Zarouna, Psychology Department, University of Cyprus, Nicosia 1678, Cyprus.
Gahete MD, Córdoba-Chacón J, Salvatori R, Castaño JP, Kineman RD, Luque RM.
Department of Cell Biology, Physiology and Immunology, University of Cordoba, Instituto Maimónides de Investigación Biomédica de Córdoba (IMIBIC), and CIBER Fisiopatología de la Obesidad y Nutrición, 14004 Córdoba, Spain.

Dental screening that could save your life

We all know about the importance of sleep, and we know we should be getting more of it. When we wake up exhausted, drag ourselves to work or hit that afternoon slump, we blame ourselves: “Should have gotten more sleep last night.”

But instead of “Did I get eight hours?” we should be asking ourselves, “How well did I sleep?” We tolerate feeling exhausted during the day, but it’s actually not normal to feel tired or sleepy when you wake up.

You can’t ask yourself how well you’re sleeping without considering sleep apnea. Sleep apnea is a condition that affects an estimated one in 15 Americans but often goes undetected.

Most people who suffer from sleep apnea don’t know it — they often seek out a diagnosis only if their partner can’t sleep through the snoring. Since sleep apnea ranges from mild to severe, lots of cases of sleep apnea aren’t noticed by sleeping partners, and people live their whole lives undiagnosed.

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Drinks Destroy Teeth

Sugar and Acidity or pH of common drinks
Please note: Battery acid is listed below only for purposes of comparison, and should never be confused for any reason as a beverage.
The pH scale measures the acidity or alkalinity of a solution with pure water in the middle at neutral pH 7. The lower the pH, the stronger the acid.

Drink or Substance (12 oz. serving)    Acid pH              Tsp. Sugar
Water                                                              7.0 (neutral)           0
Milk                                                                6.7                     1
Barq’s Root Beer                                          4                        11
Minute Maid® Orange Juice                  3.8                     9
Propel® Fitness Water                             3.4                     1
Red Bull® Energy Drink                          3.3                     10
Sprite®                                                          3.3                     10
Mountain Dew                                            3.3                     12
Diet Coke                                                      3.1                     0
Sierra Mist                                                   3.1                     10
Full Throttle Energy Drink                      3                        11
Diet Pepsi                                                     3                         0
Gatorade®                                                   2.9                     5
Sunkist® Orange Soda                            2.9                      13
Dr. Pepper                                                   2.9                      10
Vault™ Energy Soda                                2.9                      12
Mountain Dew AMP                             1 2.8                     11
SoBe Energy Citrus                                   2.6                     12
Minute Maid® Lemonade                     2.6                      10
Pepsi                                                             2.5                     11
Diet Schweppes Tonic Water                2.5                      0
Coca-Cola Classic2                                  2.4                      10
Battery Acid                                                 3                        1 0

 

Footnotes:
1 Now called AMP Energy.
2 In some geographical areas U.S. and Canada known simply as “Coca-Cola.”
3 Battery Acid is NOT a drink.
Test by Dr. John Ruby, University of Alabama, Birmingham School of Dentistry, 2007
Minnesota Dental Association: Sip All Day, Get Decay.

Courtesy of  http://drinksdestroyteeth.org/the-unsweetened-truth/